Pleomorphic Hyalinizing Angiectatic Tumor: A Report of 3 New Cases, 1 With Sarcomatous Myxofibrosarcoma Component and Another With Unreported Soft Tissue Palpebral Location

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Abstract

Pleomorphic hyalinizing angiectatic tumor (PHAT) is an uncommon soft tissue tumor usually located in extremities or trunk. We report 3 new cases with histopathologic diagnosis of PHAT, one with recurrence and sarcomatous myxofibrosarcoma component and another with unreported soft tissue palpebral location. Clinical data, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, fluorescence in situ hybridization, and follow-up data are described. The histopathology showed a tumor with angiectatic blood vessel proliferation and perivascular hyaline material associated with focal pleomorphic cells. The recurrent tumor revealed a histopathologic pattern corresponding to a myxofibrosarcoma. Vimentin and CD99 were positive in tumor cells and CD34 was strongly positive in the tumor cells from the recurrence. Ki-67 was poor positive but with increased positivity in the recurrence. The positivity of p53 and chromosome 22 polysomy were detected in the recurrence. At present, the 3 patients are free of disease and no metastases have been detected. Indeed, the possibility that PHAT may represent a histopathologic pattern and not a true neoplastic entity with specific genetic alterations cannot be excluded at present, and further studies are required.

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