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Caregiver intervention studies typically assess whether participants attain general goals (eg, improved mental/physical health) but not their own individual goals. We used goal attainment scaling to evaluate whether participants of a telephone intervention based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) attained their personal goals. We also evaluated treatment compliance and implementation.A sample of 139 family caregivers of people with dementia received 12 telephone sessions over 6 months. Participants personal goals were specified during the first and second sessions. Participants and therapists assessed goal attainment at the end of the intervention.Nearly all participants reported meaningful improvements with regard to their personal goals. Specifically, 20.9% exceeded, 56.4% completely attained, and 21.8% partially attained at least one of their personal goals. There was high agreement between self- and therapist ratings. Treatment compliance and implementation were highly satisfactory.The CBT telephone intervention successfully helped participants attain their personal goals.