The cavernoso-anal reflex: response of the anal sphincters to cavernosus muscles' stimulation

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Abstract

Aim

To prove the hypothesis that cavernosus muscles' contraction during coitus affects the reflex contraction of anal sphincters.

Methods

Electromyographic response of external and internal anal sphincters to ischiocavernosus and bulbocavernosus muscle stimulation was studied in 17 healthy volunteers (10 men, 7 women, mean aged 38.3 ± 11.6 years). The test was repeated after individual anesthetization of anal sphincters and the two cavernosus muscles, and after using saline instead of lidocaine.

Results

Upon stimulation of each of the two cavernosus muscles, external and internal anal sphincters recorded increased electromyographic activity. Anal sphincters did not respond to stimulation of the anesthetized cavernosus muscles nor did anesthetized anal sphincters respond to cavernosus muscles' stimulation. Saline infiltration did not affect anal sphincteric response to cavernosal muscles' stimulation.

Conclusion

Cavernosus muscles' contraction is suggested to evoke anal sphincteric contraction, which seems to be a reflex and mediated through the “cavernosoanal reflex”. Anal sphincteric contraction during coitus presumably acts to close the anal canal to thwart flatus or fecal leak.

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