Market access, organic farming and productivity: the effects of Fair Trade affiliation on Thai farmer producer groups*

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Abstract

The study analyses the impact of Fair Trade (FT) and organic farming on a sample of FT rice producers in Thailand. It finds that per capita income from agriculture is positively and significantly affected by years of organic certification and FT affiliation. The estimated FT and organic certification contributions to producers' economic well–being are higher when account is taken of the relatively higher proportion of self–consumption among affiliated farmers. But the per capita income effect does not translate into higher productivity owing to a concurrent increase in hours worked.

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