A Cross-Canada Survey off Prothrombin Time Testing: Does the Establishment of Local ISI Values Improve the Accuracy of International Normalized Ratio Reporting?

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Abstract

The international normalized ratio (INR) was established as a means of standardizing the prothrombin time regardless of the thromboplastin used in the individual laboratories. The INR is the prothrombin time ratio of the sample raised to the power of the International Sensitivity Index (ISI). Traditionally, the ISI is determined by using a manual clotting technique by comparing the test thromboplastin with a World Health Organization international reference thromboplastin with results from 60 patient samples standardized on warfarin, and 20 samples from normal volunteers. Most laboratories no longer perform prothrombin time testing by a manual technique but instead automate the procedure by using a variety of coagulation instruments. Thromboplastin ISI values have the potential to be modified considerably by instrumentation, and as a consequence, they may result in INRs that are unreliable when compared to those obtained by the traditional manual method. It has been proposed that the use of calibrant plasmas tested with the laboratory’s thromboplastin and instrument may overcome this problem and a local ISI value could be established. Our study objective was to determine whether a local ISI calibration with the plasma calibrants could reduce the variation of the INR over a wide range of thromboplastin/instrument combinations. A total of 58 laboratories from across Canada, including community hospitals, private laboratories, and large tertiary care units, participated. The findings indicate that the use of calibrant plasmas to calculate the local ISI does improve the accuracy of INR reporting in the majority of thromboplastin/instrument combinations.

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