Session 1 of the 2011 Workshop of the Society for Hematopathology and European Association for Haematopathology focused on mycosis fungoides (MF), the most common cutaneous lymphoma. The 62 cases in this case group demonstrated a wide spectrum of clinicopathologic features, including those seen in typical cases as well as those, by contrast, with atypical clinical history, morphology, immunophenotype, and/or genotype. Of the 62 cases, 27 (44%) were presented at the workshop and highlighted diagnostic challenges plus related issues. This report summarizes the approach recommended for making a confident diagnosis of MF and its clinically significant variants; emphasizes pitfalls in evaluating early MF, assessing nodal involvement, and diagnosing transformed MF; and discusses the relationship between MF and primary cutaneous CD30+ T-cell lymphoproliferative disorders. Last, Sézary syndrome is discussed, with concentration on those features distinct from MF.