Radiation Therapy for Angiosarcoma: The 35-year University of Florida Experience

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Abstract

Background and Purpose:

We sought to identify prognostic factors and successful therapeutic approaches when treating angiosarcoma with radiotherapy.

Materials and Methods:

From 1974 to 2009, 41 patients with angiosarcoma were treated with radiotherapy. The median patient age was 67 years. Sixteen angiosarcomas were radiation induced. Tumor sites included the head and the neck in 22 patients, breast in 14, and other sites in five. Thirty-one patients were treated with both surgery and radiotherapy (12 preoperatively and 19 postoperatively) and 10 patients were treated with radiotherapy alone. The median radiotherapy dose was 60 Gy (range, 37.5 to 76 Gy).

Results:

The 5-year local control and overall survival rates were 64% and 54%, respectively. Median follow-up was 3.7 years. Of the 23 patients who relapsed, 15 had a local failure. Predictors of 5-year local control were nonscalp primary location, tumor size of ≤5 cm, radiation-induced tumors, and combined-modality local therapy. Predictors of 5-year overall survival were nonscalp location and a tumor size of ≤5 cm. The patients with the best outcomes were treated with surgery and radiotherapy 3 times daily for angiosarcoma that developed after breast-conserving therapy.

Conclusions:

For angiosarcomas treated with radiotherapy, outcome varies widely and is impacted by tumor site, size, and resectability. In amenable sites, aggressive treatment with resection and hyperfractionated radiotherapy may offer the best prognosis.

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