Phase II Trial of Target-guided Personalized Chemotherapy in First-line Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and efficacy of personalizing treatment of patients with advanced untreated colorectal cancer (CRC).

Patients and Methods:

Patients with untreated metastatic CRC, performance status 0-1, and candidates for systemic chemotherapy were eligible. Tumor tissues were analyzed for KRAS, BRAF, and PI3K mutations and expression of topoisomerase-1 (Topo-1), excision repair cross-complementing gene 1 (ERCC1), thymidylate synthase (TS), and thymidine phosphorylase (TP). Patients with Topo-1 expression received irinotecan, whereas patients with negative Topo-1 and ERCC1 expression received oxaliplatin. Otherwise, patients received physician’s choice of treatment. If TS was positive, no fluoropyrimidine was administered and if negative, 5-flurorouracil if TP was negative, or capecitabine if TP was positive. KRAS-mutated patients were treated with bevacizumab, whereas KRAS-native received cetuximab. The primary endpoint of the study was progression-free survival (PFS).


A total of 74 patients were enrolled and 67 received personalized treatment including irinotecan (n=27), oxaliplatin (n=16), FOLFIRI (n=12), and FOLFOX (n=12). Thirty-eight patients received cetuximab and 29 bevacizumab. With a median follow-up time of 18.3 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 4-36), the overall median PFS was 8.3 months (95% CI, 6.9-9.7), representing a 12-month PFS rate of 36.5% (95% CI, 25-48). Overall clinical benefit, including response rate and disease stabilization, was 86% (95% CI, 73%-97%). The overall median survival was 21 months (95% CI, 11-40).


Real-time target-guided personalized first-line treatment of patients with advanced CRC is feasible but, with the approached used, did not result in a clear improvement in PFS to warrant phase III testing.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles