Efficacy and Toxicity of Every 2 Weeks Docetaxel Regimen in Comparison With Weekly or Every 3 Weeks in Metastatic Prostate Cancer: A Retrospective Analysis

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Abstract

Objectives:

The aim of this study was to compare weekly (q1w), 2 weekly (q2w), and 3 weekly (q3w) regimens of docetaxel in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC).

Materials and Methods:

We retrospectively studied patients treated with q1w, q2w, or q3w docetaxel regimens at 30, 60, and 75 mg/m2, respectively. The choice and duration of treatment was decided by their oncologist. Patients were assessed for response, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS), and toxicity.

Results:

Twelve, 14, and 15 patients were in the q1w, q2w, and q3w arms, respectively. Patients’ age, metastases, and mean prostate-specific antigen at start and nadir were similar among groups. Mean total dose (MTD) was higher (not significantly) in the q2w group. Response rates, mean, and median PFS and OS ranked q2w>q3w>q1w (not significantly). However, hazard ratios for PFS for the q2w and q3w arms were statistically superior to the q1w arm when adjusted for age and total dose. The same was true for OS when q3w was compared with q1w. There were no significant differences between the q2w and q3w arms. Toxicities were not different between any of the arms, save for grade 1/2 neuropathy (lower in q1w compared with q2w).

Conclusions:

The MTD, response rates, PFS, and OS in the q1w and q3w arms were similar to published reports. Although we had a small number of patients, our findings suggest that both dose concentration and total docetaxel dose may be important in the treatment of CRPC and q2w dosing is an option in patients intolerant of a higher dose concentration.

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