Concurrent Radiotherapy and Triweekly Carboplatin for the Definitive Treatment of Locally Advanced Laryngeal Carcinoma

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Abstract

Purpose of the Study:

In 2003, our institution adopted triweekly carboplatin (tCb) area under the curve (AUC) 5 as an alternative to high-dose cisplatin (100 mg/m2) for select patients receiving definitive concurrent chemoradiation for locally advanced laryngeal carcinoma (LALC). Here, we present our experience and outcomes with this definitive concurrent chemoradiation regimen.

Methods:

From January 2003 through December 2013, 53 patients with stage III (60%) or IVA (40%) LALC were treated with tCb AUC 5 and concurrent radiotherapy to 70 Gy without neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Reasons for using carboplatin instead of cisplatin in these patients were: age 70 and older (21%), poor renal function (6%), presence of 1 or more major comorbid condition(s) (36%), and per discretion of the treating medical oncologist (38%). Primary disease site was glottis in 22 (42%) patients and supraglottis in 31 (58%) patients.

Results:

Median follow-up time was 63 months for surviving patients. Out of the 53 patients, 43 (81%) received all 3 cycles of carboplatin and all patients received their intended dose of radiotherapy. Although 17 (32%) patients required a feeding tube during treatment, only 2 (4%) required it long term. There were no acute treatment-related grade 4 or 5 hematologic toxicities. On last follow-up, 14 (26%) patients had died of intercurrent disease. For the subgroup of “RTOG 9111 eligible” patients in our cohort (n=46), 5-year estimates of overall survival, disease-free survival, laryngectomy-free survival, larynx preservation, and locoregional control were: 49%, 42%, 39%, 80%, and 63%, respectively.

Conclusions:

In patients with LALC who are suboptimal candidates for high-dose cisplatin, our experience suggests that tCb AUC 5 with concurrent radiotherapy provides acceptable outcomes with tolerable toxicity.

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