Mismatch Repair Protein Deficiency is Common in Sebaceous Neoplasms and Suggests the Importance of Screening for Lynch Syndrome

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The association between Lynch syndrome and sebaceous neoplasms is well characterized. The absence of expression of mismatch repair proteins (MMRPs) by immunohistochemistry (IHC) is often used in other Lynch-associated tumors to guide testing. IHC for MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, and MSH6 was performed on 36 benign and malignant sebaceous neoplasms with the absence of one or more MMRP in 38.9% of cases. Among lesions with abnormal IHC, 71.4% were missing both MSH2 and MSH6, 21.4% lacked MLH1 and PMS2, and 7.1% lacked only MSH6. Of the 10 patients with absent MMRP, 5 had gene-test confirmed Lynch syndrome, 3 had no suggestive personal or family medical history and 2 had no recorded data. Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in neoplasms with absent MMRP were statistically significantly greater than in those with intact MMRP (16.5 vs. 9.7, P = 0.027). MMRP deficiency is common in sebaceous neoplasms, suggesting the importance of screening for Lynch syndrome in these patients.

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