False negative result remains an ongoing problem in direct gene sequencing of cancers. It is important to use the appropriate mutation detection method most appropriate to each circumstance and the available tissue. Here, we report a patient with melanoma of unknown primary with metastases to spleen and bone marrow, who was tested negative for Cobas BRAF V600E mutation, whose cancer progressed on antiprogrammed death 1 (PD1) receptor monoclonal antibody therapy. Subsequent VE1 immunohistochemistry was positive for BRAF V600E mutation, and the tumor responded dramatically to v-Raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B (BRAF)/Mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitor combination therapy. This demonstrates how alternative BRAF testing methodology could produce results that can influence treatment choice and the outcome.