The diagnostic value of serum pentraxin 3 levels in pulmonary contusion

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Abstract

Purpose:

To investigate the difference in pentraxin 3 (PTX 3) levels between patients with pulmonary contusion and healthy volunteers.

Materials and methods:

This study was conducted with a group of 20 trauma patients diagnosed with pulmonary contusion and 30 healthy individuals enrolled as a control group in a tertiary university hospital.

Results:

Median PTX 3 levels were 7.05 (3.29–13.1), ng/ml in the contusion group and 1.03 (0.7–1.58) ng/ml in the control group. PTX 3 titers were significantly higher in patients with pulmonary contusion compared to those of the control group (p < 0.001). An area under the curve (AUC) value of 0.968 investigated using ROC analysis to determine the diagnostic value of the PTX-3 in pulmonary contusion patients was measured. A PTX-3 cut-off value of 2.06 produced 95.5% sensitivity and 86.7% specificity.

Conclusion:

PTX 3 levels in pulmonary contusion increased significantly compared to the healthy control group. If supported by wider series, PTX 3 may be expected to be capable of use as a marker in pulmonary contusion.

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