Prevalence and predictors associated with severe pulmonary hypertension in COPD

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Abstract

Background

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is one of the most common complications of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), but its severe form is uncommon. Various factors play an important role in the occurrence and severity of pulmonary hypertension in patients.

Methods

This cross-sectional study was performed on patients with COPD referred to an emergency department over a one-year period. The tests—including complete blood count (CBC) and arterial blood gas (ABG), pulmonary functional test (PFT) and echocardiography—were performed for all patients to measure mPAP (mean pulmonary artery pressure), ejection fraction (EF) and body mass index (BMI). The prevalence of severe pulmonary hypertension and its associated factors were investigated in these patients.

Results

A total of 1078 patients was included in the study, of whom 628 (58.3%) were male and 450 (41.7%) were female. The mean age of the patients undergoing the study was 70.1 ± 12.2. A total of 136 (13.7%) of them had mPAP (mm Hg) ≥ 40 mm Hg as severe pulmonary hypertension. Following multivariable analysis by using the backward conditional method, it was shown that seven variables had a significant correlation with severe PH.

Conclusions

The results showed that there is an independent correlation between hypoxia, hypopnea and compensatory metabolic alkalosis, polycythemia, left ventricular dysfunction, emaciation, and cachectic with severe pulmonary hypertension. The prevalence of severe PH in these patients was 13.7%.

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