Ceftaroline for the treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia

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Abstract

Purpose

The utility of ceftaroline for the treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (MRSAB) is reviewed.

Summary

Ceftaroline was originally approved for the treatment of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) and acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSIs) but recently received an additional approval for the treatment of S. aureus bacteremia (SAB) associated with ABSSSIs. Ceftaroline has demonstrated efficacy for the treatment of MRSAB, including isolates with elevated minimum inhibitory concentrations to conventional therapy when used alone or in combination with other agents. In multiple studies, ceftaroline has displayed rapid bloodstream eradication, even in the setting of refractory MRSAB or infective endocarditis. The clinical resolution of MRSAB or SAB in patients who received ceftaroline ranged from 31.0% to 83.3%; studies used varying definitions for clinical resolution and included differing proportions of patients with endocarditis. The use of ceftaroline in treatment-refractory patients and assorted populations makes absolute effectiveness difficult to determine. Ceftaroline has been shown to be effective in patients who have not responded to other agents for MRSAB, making it an attractive option for such patients. Although the approved dosing regimen for ceftaroline fosamil is 600 mg every 12 hours for patients with normal renal function for the treatment of ABSSSIs and CABP, there is some debate about whether more frequent doses (i.e., every 8 hours) are needed for MRSAB.

Conclusion

Ceftaroline has been used to successfully treat SAB, including endocarditis. Therapy with ceftaroline may be considered when antibiotic resistance or previous treatment failure precludes the use of first-line agents.

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