Factors Associated With Hospices' Provision of Complementary and Alternative Medicine

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There is limited research about the provision of complementary and alternative (CAM) in US hospices. The purpose of this study was to assess the factors that influence hospices' likelihood of providing CAM therapies. Mail surveys were sent to 369 hospices in Texas; 61 were returned undeliverede, yielding a total usable response rate of 35.7% (n = 110) after an initial and one follow-up mail out. Binary logistic regression was used to assess whether the likelihood of offering CAM is related to hospice's age, geographic location, agency type, profit orientation, Medicare certification, and number of patients served annually. Results showed that profit orientation and the number of patients served by hospices were significantly related to the probability that hospices will offer CAM. Specifically, the odds of offering CAM in not-for-profit hospices were approximately 4 times higher than that in for-profit hospices (odds ratio [OR] = 3.77, P = .022, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.2, 11.8). In addition, for every 100 patients served by the hospices, the odds of offering CAM increases by 13% (OR = 1.13, P = .015, 95% CI = 1.02, 1.25). In conclusion, CAM offering by hospices is related to hospices' profit orientation status and number of patients served but is not related to other measured characteristics of hospices.

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