Managing Advanced Progressive Supranuclear Palsy and Corticobasal Degeneration in a Palliative Care Unit: Admission Triggers and Outcomes

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Abstract

Background:

Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and corticobasal degeneration (CBD) are characterized by rapid deterioration and a fatal outcome.

Objectives:

Admission triggers, treatment efficacy, and care patterns.

Methods:

Retrospective analysis of patients with PSP/CBD admitted to an inpatient specialized palliative care service.

Results:

In 38 patients, there were 63 admissions for swallowing difficulties, falls, pain, impaired communication, cognitive/mood disturbances, respiratory symptoms, and infection. Mean length of stay was 11.6 days. Treatment response was variable. In 68%, of admission episodes there was stabilization or improvement, 75% were discharged home. In case of readmission, the mean interval has been 9.7 months. Time since diagnosis and admission triggers were not associated with outcome or death.

Conclusion:

Patients showed high symptom load contrasting with discharge rates and subsequent health care utilization. Brief multidisciplinary interventions might be helpful to preserve autonomy.

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