Health-Care Utilization After Hospice Enrollment in Patients With Heart Failure and Cancer

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


This study aimed to examine the role of diagnosis in health-care utilization patterns after hospice enrollment. Using 2007 National Home and Hospice Care Survey data from hospice patients with heart failure (n = 311) and cancer (n = 946), we analyzed emergency service use and discharge to hospital via logistic regression pre- and postpropensity score matching. Prematching, patients with heart failure had twice the odds of emergency services use than patients with cancer (P < .001) and twice the odds of discharge to hospital (P = .02). Differences were reduced postmatching for emergency service use (odds ratio [OR]: 1.6, P = .05) and eliminated for discharge to hospital (OR: 1.32, P = .45). Health-care utilization correlates included diagnosis, place of care, and advance directives. Attention to the unique needs of patients with heart failure is needed, along with improved advanced care planning.

    loading  Loading Related Articles