Routine surveillance of nosocomial infections has become an integral part of infection control and quality assurance in US hospitals.Methods
As part of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium, we performed a prospective nosocomial infection surveillance cohort study in 5 adult intensive care units of 4 Mexican public hospitals using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance system definitions. Site-specific nosocomial infection rates were calculated.Results
The overall nosocomial infection rate was 24.4% (257/1055) and 39.0 (257/6590) per 1000 patient days. The most common infection was catheter-associated bloodstream infection, 57.98% (149/257), followed by ventilator-associated pneumonia, 20.23% (52/257), and catheter-associated urinary tract infection, 21.79% (56/257). The overall rate of catheter-associated bloodstream infections was 23.1 per 1000 device-days (149/6450); ventilator-associated pneumonia rate was 21.8 per 1000 device-days (52/2390); and catheter-associated urinary tract infection rate was 13.4 per 1000 device-days (56/4184).Conclusion
Our rates are similar to other hospitals of Latin America and higher than US hospitals.