Implementation of directly observed patient hand hygiene for hospitalized patients by hand hygiene ambassadors in Hong Kong

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



The importance of compliance with hand hygiene by patients is increasingly recognized to prevent health care–associated infections.


This descriptive study observed the effects of an education campaign, targeted to increase patients' self-initiated hand hygiene, and a hand hygiene ambassador-initiated directly observed hand hygiene program on patients' hand hygiene compliance in a university-affiliated hospital.


The overall audited compliance of patients' self-initiated hand hygiene was only 37.5%, with a rate of 26.9% (112/416 episodes) before meals and medications, 27.5% (19/69 episodes) after using a urinal or bedpan, and 89.7% (87/97 episodes) after attending toilet facilities. Patients referred from a residential care home for older adults had significantly lower hand hygiene compliance (P = .007). Comparatively, the overall audited compliance of ambassador-initiated directly observed hand hygiene was 97.3% (428/440 episodes), which was significantly higher than patients' self-initiated hand hygiene via a patient education program (37.5%, 218/582 episodes, P < .001).


Directly observed hand hygiene can play an important role in improving compliance with hand hygiene by hospitalized patients.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles