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Healthcare facility-onset C. difficile infections may be overreported.Laxative and stool softener use contribute to overinflated rates of C. difficile.Inappropriate testing for C. difficile may lead to unnecessary treatment.Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is the most common healthcare-associated gastrointestinal infection. Hospitals are required to report cases of healthcare facility-onset CDI (HO-CDI) using the National Healthcare Safety Network's CDI laboratory-identified (LabID) event definition. The aim of this study was to determine the extent of potential over-reporting due to the exclusion of important clinical data within LabID reporting definitions.In 2015, retrospective chart review was performed on 212 HO-CDI cases reported from a large urban medical center. Cases had positive polymerase chain reaction test for the C. difficile toxin B gene from an unformed stool specimen collected >3 days after admission and >8 weeks after most recent LabID event. Cases were categorized into “clinical surveillance” groups: community-acquired infection, recurrence/relapse, asymptomatic colonization, colonization with self-limited symptoms, possible HO-CDI, and probable HO-CDI.Of the infections, 13.6% were community acquired, 2.8% were recurrent/relapse, 1.9% were asymptomatic colonization, 18.4% were symptomatic colonization, 38.7% were possible HO-CDI, and 24.5% were probable HO-CDI. Within 24 hours of testing, 34.1% of patients had received a stool softener and/or laxative.Laxative use and failure to identify community-onset infection may contribute to misclassification of HO-CDI. Only 62% of reported cases met clinical surveillance criteria.