Prophylaxis Against Opportunistic Infections in Persons Infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus

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This article outlines the current official recommendations for the prevention of opportunistic disease in adults and adolescents infected with human immunodeficiency virus, including specific guidelines for discontinuing primary and secondary prophylaxis when immune reconstitution has occurred as a result of highly active antiretroviral therapies. The recommendations, developed by the U. S. Public Health Service and the Infectious Diseases Society of America for clinicians and healthcare providers, were originally published in 1995 and revised in 1997, 1999, and 2002. The 2002 recommendations are summarized in this article.

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