Concurrent diabetes mellitus (DM) with tuberculosis (TB) has an increased risk of treatment failure. This study was aimed to evaluate treatment outcomes in patients with TB with and without DM.Methods:
A retrospective cohort study was conducted at respiratory clinic of Hospital Pulau Pinang, Malaysia. All TB-registered patients from January 2006 to December 2007 were included in the study. A validated data collection form was used for collecting data. World Health Organization's criterion was used for categorizing treatment outcomes. Data were analyzed by using SPSS 16.Results:
Of 1267 patients, 338 patients (26.7%) had concurrent TB-DM. In multivariate analysis, TB-DM was more likely to be present in Chinese (odds ratio [OR] = 1.401, P = 0.011), patients having age of 46 to 60 years (OR = 3.168, P < 0.001) and >60 years (OR = 2.524, P < 0.001) and patients with pulmonary TB (OR = 2.079, P < 0.001). Nine hundred and eighty-five (78.8%) patients were successfully treated. No statistically significant difference was observed between 2 groups: patients with TB-DM and patients with only TB. Successful treatment outcomes were observed in patients having age of 46 to 60 (OR = 1.567, P = 0.001), whereas male gender (OR = 0.721, P = 0.049) and patients with relapse TB (OR = 0.494, P = 0.002) were less likely to have successful treatment outcome.Conclusions:
High prevalence of TB-DM in the study signifies the fact that patients with DM are at high risk of developing TB. Treatment outcomes in both groups were comparable. The gender-based and age-based disparity in TB treatment outcomes in this study indicates the importance of gender-specific and age-specific strategies of TB management.