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Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious condition that can be induced by liver transplantation, major hepatic resection or prolonged portal vein occlusion. The AKI can increase the frequency of postoperative complications. In the current study, we aimed to investigate whether interleukin-18 binding protein (IL-18BP) pretreatment has a protective effect against possible kidney injury–mediated liver ischemia-reperfusion (IR) achieved by Pringle maneuver in an experimental rat model.A total of 21 Wistar albino rats were included in this study. Animals were equally and randomly separated into 3 groups as follows: Sham (n = 7), IR group (n = 7) and IR + IL-18BP group (n = 7). Serum aspartate transaminase, alanine aminotransaminase and lactate dehydrogenase enzyme activities and serum urea and creatinine levels were determined. Tumor necrosis factor-α, IL-6, IL-1β, interferon gamma, total oxidant status, total antioxidant status and oxidative stress index were measured in kidney tissue homogenate samples. Histopathological examination and immunohistochemical Caspase-3 staining were applied to examine the general morphologic structure and apoptosis.Renal total oxidant status; oxidative stress index; IL-18 levels; serum aspartate transaminase, alanine aminotransaminase and lactate dehydrogenase activities and creatinine levels were significantly lower in IR + IL-18BP group, when compared with the IR group. Beside this, total antioxidant status levels were remarkably higher in IR + IL-18BP group, when compared with the IR group. The caspase-3 expression degree in IR group was remarkably higher than other groups.It has been demonstrated that IL-18BP pretreatment may have inflammatory, antioxidant and antiapoptotic effects against AKI induced by hepatic IR.