Urea Transporter B and MicroRNA-200c Differ in Kidney Outer Versus Inner Medulla Following Dehydration

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Abstract

Background

Urea transporters (UTs) are important in urine concentration and in urea recycling, and UT-B has been implicated in both. In kidney, UT-B was originally localized to outer medullary descending vasa recta, and more recently detected in inner medullary descending vasa recta. Endogenously produced microRNAs (miRs) bind to the 3′UTR of genes and generally inhibit their translation, thus playing a pivotal role gene regulation.

Methods

Mice were dehydrated for 24 hours then sacrificed. Inner and outer medullas were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and quantitative PCR for miRNA expression and analyzed by western blotting for protein abundance.

Results

MiRNA sequencing analysis of mouse inner medullas showed a 40% increase in miRNA-200c in dehydrated mice compared with controls. An in silico analysis of the targets for miR-200c revealed that miRNA-200c could directly target the gene for UT-B. PCR confirmed that miR-200c is up-regulated in the inner medullas of dehydrated mice while western blot showed that UT-B protein abundance was down-regulated in the same portion of the kidney. However, in the outer medulla, miR-200c was reduced and UT-B protein was increased in dehydrated mice.

Conclusions

This is the first indication that UT-B protein and miR-200c may each be differentially regulated by dehydration within the kidney outer and inner medulla. The inverse correlation between the direction of change in miR-200c and UT-B protein abundance in both the inner and outer medulla suggests that miR-200c may be associated with the change in UT-B protein in these 2 portions of the kidney medulla.

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