Tetrahydroxy stilbene glucoside (TSG) is an active ingredient of Heshouwu and is an antioxidant. The underlying mechanisms of the renoprotective effect of TSG in diabetic nephropathy have not been previously reported. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms of TSG in preventing podocytes injury in high glucose (HG) condition.Methods:
Cultured mouse podocytes (MPC5) were incubated in HG (30 mmol/L) plus various concentration of TSG (0.1, 1 and 10 μM) for 48 hours. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, terminal deoxynucleotidyl-transferase (TdT)-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end-labeling (TUNEL) fluorescence intensity, caspase-3 activity and the mRNA expression of nephrin in cultured podocytes were determined. The protein expression of Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammsome, interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and nephrin was detected by Western blot.Results:
When the podocytes were incubated with various concentrations of TSG under HG conditions for 48 hours, TSG decreased ROS production, MDA levels, TUNEL fluorescence intensity and caspase-3 activity, but increased cell viability and the expression of nephrin in HG-induced podocytes in a dose-dependent manner. Subsequently, the podocytes treated with TSG at 10 μM decreased the expression of NLRP3 inflammasome and IL-1β compared with that of control. Furthermore, the podocytes transfected with NLRP3- small interfering RNA (siRNA) exhibited a significant decrease in the expression of caspase-1 and IL-1β, but exhibited a significant increase in the expression of nephrin. Eventually, TSG significantly increased the expression of nephrin in IL-1β-treated podocytes.Conclusions:
TSG attenuates high glucose-induced cell apoptosis in vitro partly through the suppression of NLRP3 inflammasome signaling.