The First Reported Case of Cytomegalovirus Gastritis in a Patient With End-Stage Renal Disease

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Abstract

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a common infectious complication in immunocompromised patients. The colon is the most common site of CMV infection in the gastrointestinal tract. Rarely, however, invasion of the upper gastrointestinal tract, such as the esophagus or stomach, has been reported. Herein, we describe the first reported case of CMV gastritis in a patient with end-stage renal disease and uremic symptoms (including nausea, vomiting, and poor appetite) who had begun hemodialysis therapy. This patient was not a transplant recipient and was not receiving immunosuppressant treatment. As CMV gastritis is easily over looked in patients with end-stage renal disease, physicians should maintain a high index of suspicion and establish the diagnosis as early as possible using an upper GI endoscopic biopsy and adequate staining.

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