Tricuspid regurgitation pressure gradient (TRPG) is reportedly a predictor of cardiovascular (CV) mortality in patients without atrial fibrillation (AF); its relationship with cardiac outcomes in patients with AF has never been evaluated. This study aimed to examine the ability of TRPG to predict CV events and all-cause mortality in patients with AF.Materials and Methods:
Comprehensive echocardiography was performed in 155 patients with persistent AF. Combined CV events were defined as CV mortality, stroke and hospitalization for heart failure.Results:
During an average follow-up period of 27 months, 57 CV events and 31 all-cause deaths occurred. According to multivariate analysis, predictors of CV events included diuretic use, decreased left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), increased ratio of transmitral E velocity (E) to early diastolic mitral annular velocity (E′) and TRPG. Predictors of all-cause mortality included old age, decreased LVEF, increased E/E′ and TRPG. Notably, the addition of TRPG to a model containing clinical significant parameters, LVEF and E/E′ significantly improved the values in predicting adverse CV events and all-cause mortality.Conclusions:
The TRPG is not only a useful predictor of adverse CV events and all-cause mortality in patients with AF, it may also provide additional prognostic values for CV outcome and all-cause mortality over conventional parameters in such patients.