The First Patient with Tandem Duplication of 6q14q16: Molecular and Phenotypic Characterization

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Abstract

Duplications of the long arm of chromosome 6 have been previously reported in a limited number of patients; however, most reported duplications encompass regions of chromosome 6 distal to band q21. Duplications restricted to the proximal portion of 6q are rare. We report an 8-year-old male with a 16.4 megabase (Mb) tandem duplication of chromosome 6q14.1q16.1 (chr6:78950191-95395865; hg19) who exhibited dysmorphic facial features, seizures, global developmental delay, intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorder, sensorineural hearing loss, and immune deficiency. This patient refines and potentially expands the current, poorly-characterized phenotype associated with duplication of this proximal 6q region. We recommend a low threshold for a hearing evaluation beyond newborn screening and for pursuing an immune work-up in patients with similar 6q duplications. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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