The Association Between Skilled Nursing Facility Care Quality and 30-Day Readmission Rates After Hospitalization for Heart Failure

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Abstract

The objective of the study was to assess the association between care quality of skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) and 30-day risk-adjusted readmission rate (RAR) for patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). A retrospective cohort study was conducted involving 603 discharges from a tertiary care hospital to 17 SNFs after hospitalization for ADHF. SNF quality was assessed based on the CMS 5-star quality rating and a survey of SNF characteristics and processes of care. In all, 20% of cases were readmitted within 30-days; 9.4% were for ADHF. The all-cause RARs for higher- and lower-quality SNFs were 18% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 14%-23%) and 22% (95% CI = 17%-26%), respectively, and the ADHF RARs were 8.8% (95% CI = 6.0%-11.6%) and 10.2% (95% CI = 7.0%-12.9%), respectively. There were no significant associations between ADHF RARs and individual processes of care or structural characteristics. Quality ratings of SNF or processes of care did not correlate with RAR.

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