Functional Decline in Older Adults with Diabetes

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Excerpt

Learning Objectives: After reading this article and taking this test (answer coupon on page 75), you will be able to
1. About what percentage of U.S adults ages 60 and older have diabetes?
a. 10%
b. 16%
c. 21%
d. 28%
2. Bernstein and colleagues found better nutrition in frail nursing home residents who ate a wide variety of
a. types of fish.
b. whole grains.
c. fruits and vegetables.
d. dairy products.
3. Older adults who engage in intense exercise are especially prone to
a. hypertension during exercise.
b. excessive hunger after exercise.
c. headaches during exercise.
d. dizziness when exercise stops.
4. The most common cause of visual impairment and blindness in whites is
a. cataracts.
b. glaucoma.
c. macular degeneration.
d. diabetic retinopathy.
5. The leading cause of visual impairment in Hispanics is
a. cataracts.
b. glaucoma.
c. macular degeneration.
d. diabetic retinopathy.
6. According to Buchner and colleagues, which of the following reduces the risk of falls in older adults?
a. exercise
b. home assessment
c. antidepressants
d. social interaction
7. In older adults, hyperglycemia can easily result in
a. tremors.
b. dehydration.
c. dizziness.
d. numbness.
8. Autonomic neuropathy contributes to foot problems by causing
a. hammertoes.
b. gangrene.
c. vascular ulcers.
d. dryness of the feet.
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