Cross-section dimensions and mechanical properties of esthetic orthodontic coated archwires

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IntroductionThere has been continuing interest in the development and use of esthetic and effective orthodontic archwires. The aims of this study were to evaluate the inner alloy core dimensions of 4 brands of as-received esthetic coated wires and their mechanical properties before and after 21 days of oral exposure, compared with conventional stainless steel and nickel titanium wires.MethodsFour groups (Ortho Organizers, Carlsbad, Calif; TP Orthodontics, LaPorte, Ind; Orthometric, Beijing, China; and Trianeiro, Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brazil) of orthodontic archwires were tested. Five properties were evaluated: inner wire dimensions, modulus of elasticity, modulus of resilience, maximum deflection force, and load deflection curve characteristics. Images of the transverse sections from the specimens were made with a stereoscope. The inner alloy core dimensions of each wire were measured by using Image Pro Plus software (version 4.5; Media Cybernetics, Silver Spring, Md). All specimens were tested in a universal testing machine in a 3-point bending test.ResultsCoated wires of the Ortho Organizers and Trianeiro groups showed greater reductions in their inner alloy core dimensions and produced lower loading and unloading forces and lower modulus of elasticity, modulus of resilience, and maximum deflection force values than did their control wires. Inner alloy core dimensions and the mechanical behavior of coated wires practically did not differ from the control wires in the TP Orthodontics and Orthometric groups.ConclusionsThe reduction on the inner alloy core dimensions to compensate for the coating thickness seems to be the variable responsible for greater changes in the mechanical properties of esthetic coated wires.

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