Severe open bite due to traumatic condylar fractures treated nonsurgically with implanted miniscrew anchorage

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


This case report illustrates the use of miniscrews to treat a patient with an open bite caused by mandibular condylar fractures. The patient was 36 years old when she visited our hospital with a chief complaint of difficulty with chewing. She had suffered condylar and maxillary bone fractures in a traffic accident 6 months before her visit. She had an anterior open bite and Angle Class II molar relationships. Her mandibular midline was deviated to the right relative to the maxilla. The cephalometric analysis showed a skeletal Class II relationship. Titanium miniscrews were implanted in the bilateral maxillary buccal areas. The maxillary dentition was retracted and intruded by using elastomeric chains and miniscrews. After this treatment, an Angle Class I molar relationship was achieved, her overjet and overbite became ideal, and a good facial appearance was obtained. The total active orthodontic treatment period was 33 months. Treating an open bite with molar intrusion often leads to counterclockwise rotation of the mandible; however, in this patient, the mandible was moved anteriorly and upward. We believe that this movement was caused by the patient’s condylar fractures and the subsequent remodeling. Although there was some relapse, our results suggest that implant anchorage is useful for correcting anterior open bites originating from condylar fractures.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles