Attempts have been made to identify susceptibility genes of mandibular prognathism by genome-wide linkage studies, but the results of susceptibility loci are inconsistent. There has been no genome-wide association study of mandibular prognathism. Our objective was to perform a genome-wide association study using 23,465 microsatellite markers to detect mandibular prognathism susceptibility regions.Methods
The study was based on the pooled DNA method, including 2 steps of screening on the whole genome and subsequent individual genotyping, with 240 experimental subjects and 360 control subjects from the Japanese population.Results
Two suggestive associations on chromosomes 1q32.2 (D1S1358i: P = 4.22 × 10−4) and 1p22.3 (D1S0411i: P = 6.66 × 10−4) were shown, and PLXNA2 and SSX2IP were suggested to be candidate genes; 1p22.3 flanked the region indicated by previous linkage analysis.Conclusions
The results of the genome-wide association study showed that 2 loci (1q32.2 and 1p22.3) are likely to be susceptibility regions of mandibular prognathism: 1p32.2 is a novel locus, and identification of 1p22.3 supports the results of previous linkage analysis.