Are assessments of damping capacity and placement torque useful in estimating root proximity of orthodontic anchor screws?

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Abstract

Introduction:

Placement torque and damping capacity may increase when the orthodontic anchor screws make contact with an adjacent root. If this is the case, root contact can be inferred from the placement torque and damping capacity. The purpose of this study was to verify the detectability of root proximity of the screws by placement torque and damping capacity. For this purpose, we investigated the relationship among placement torque, damping capacity, and screw-root proximity.

Methods:

The placement torque, damping capacity, and root proximity of 202 screws (diameter, 1.6 mm; length, 8.0 mm) were evaluated in 110 patients (31 male, 79 female; mean age, 21.3 ± 6.9 years). Placement torque was measured using a digital torque tester, damping capacity was measured with a Periotest device (Medizintechnik Gulden, Modautal, Germany), and root contact was judged using cone-beam computed tomography images.

Results:

The rate of root contact was 18.3%. Placement torque and damping capacity were 7.8 N·cm and 3.8, respectively. The placement torque of screws with root contact was greater than that of screws with no root contact (P <0.05; effect size, 0.44; power, <0.8). Damping capacity of screws with root contact was significantly greater than that of screws with no root contact (P <0.01; effect size, >0.5; power, >0.95).

Conclusions:

It was suggested that the damping capacity is related to root contact.

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