Effect of temporomandibular joint articular disc repositioning on anterior open-bite malocclusion: An orthodontic-surgical approach

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An anterior open bite is a challenge to orthodontic treatment; it has a multifactorial etiology and a wide range of intervention options. Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders are a risk factor for the development of malocclusions such as the anterior open bite, especially in patients who have TMJ osteoarthritis with disc displacement. Articular disc repositioning surgery is an available option for treating this pathology, and it contributes to maintaining the condyles in a more stable position. The aim of this article was to report the case of a 20-year-old woman diagnosed with anterior open bite and TMJ osteoarthritis with bilateral disc displacement. The patient received both orthodontic treatment and TMJ disc repositioning surgery. Cone-beam computed tomography was used to create 3-dimensional models of the condyles with regional superposition, and assessment of bone remodeling was performed at different time intervals. Complete orthodontic and surgical treatment time was approximately 12 months. The results provided a stable correction of the patient's anterior open bite with a 2-year follow-up and favorable bone remodeling of the condyles due to functional improvement of the TMJ.

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