Hysteroscopic Findings in Patients With a Cervical Polyp

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Our objective was to determine the presence of intrauterine lesions in patients with a cervical polyp.

STUDY DESIGN

We performed a retrospective analysis to determine the influence of hormonal treatment and age on 165 patients with a cervical polyp and bleeding on admission. All 165 patients underwent a diagnostic hysteroscopy to rule out intrauterine lesions, including polyps, fibroids, hyperplasia, and adenocarcinoma.

RESULTS

Endometrial polyps were found in up to 26.7% of patients who had a cervical polyp. In patients undergoing a combined pill treatment this incidence was much lower (8.3%). Menopausal patients had a 56.8% incidence of cervix-related endometrial polyps, and hormone replacement therapy did not significantly increase (45.7% vs 28.6%) the incidence of coexisting polyps. All cervical polyps present during tamoxifen treatment were associated with endometrial polyps. Abnormal vaginal bleeding was of no clinical significance in excluding concomitant endometrial polyps.

CONCLUSIONS

All menopausal patients with a cervical polyp could benefit from a diagnostic hysteroscopy. Premenopausal patients receiving a combined pill treatment are the least likely to have coexistent endometrial polyps. (AM J OBSTET GYNECOL 1993;169:1563-5.)

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