Management of intravascular leiomyomatosis: Laparoscopic surgery for ordinary uterine fibroids led to an extraordinary finding

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An unexpected diagnosis of intravascular leiomyomatosis was made during a laparoscopic procedure. As the extent of the disease was unknown, the initial procedure was limited to laparoscopic hysterectomy and salpingo-oophorectomy. Postoperative computed tomography imaging demonstrated intravascular leiomyomatosis extending into the suprarenal inferior vena cava. The patient underwent exploratory laparotomy to excise residual tumor.

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