A phase 2, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-ranging study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of orally administered VT-1161 in the treatment of recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Background

Lanosterol demethylase is an enzyme that is essential for fungal growth and catalyzes an early step in the biosynthetic pathway of ergosterol, which is a sterol that is required for fungal cell membrane formation and integrity. Lanosterol demethylase is the molecular target of the class of drugs referred to as “azole antifungals.” VT-1161 is a novel, oral, selective inhibitor of fungal lanosterol demethylase and is being developed for the treatment of recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis.

Objective

We evaluated the efficacy and safety of 4 dosing regimens of oral VT-1161 compared with placebo in women with recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis, which was defined as at least 3 symptomatic episodes of acute vulvovaginal candidiasis within a 12-month period.

Study Design

Two hundred fifteen women with a documented history of recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis and who, at screening, were experiencing an episode of acute vulvovaginal candidiasis (acute vulvovaginal candidiasis; composite vulvovaginal signs and symptoms score of ≥3 and a positive potassium hydroxide test for yeast) were enrolled. After treatment of the acute infection with fluconazole, subjects were assigned randomly to 1 of 5 treatment regimens: (1) VT-1161 150 mg once daily for 7 days, then 150 mg once weekly for 11 weeks, followed by a once-weekly dose of placebo for 12 weeks; (2) VT-1161 300 mg once daily for 7 days, then 300 mg once weekly for 11 weeks, followed by a once-weekly dose of placebo for 12 weeks; (3) VT-1161 150 mg once daily for 7 days, then 150 mg once weekly for 23 weeks; (4) VT-1161 300 mg once daily for 7 days, then 300 mg once weekly for 23 weeks; or (5) a matching placebo regimen for 24 weeks. The primary efficacy outcome was the proportion of subjects with ≥1 culture-verified acute vulvovaginal candidiasis episodes through week 48.

Results

In the intent-to-treat population, the proportion of subjects with ≥1 acute vulvovaginal candidiasis episodes ranged from 0–7% across the 4 VT-1161 arms vs 52% in the placebo arm, with all arms achieving statistical significance vs placebo. VT-1161 was well-tolerated with a favorable safety profile, and the incidence of adverse events was lower in all VT-1161 arms compared with placebo. In addition, no patient in any VT-1161 arm discontinued the study early because of an adverse event or laboratory abnormality. There was also no evidence of an adverse effect of VT-1161 on liver function or electrocardiogram recordings.

Conclusion

In this study, VT-1161 was shown to be efficacious and safe in the treatment of patients with recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis. These data strongly support further clinical investigation of VT-1161 for the treatment of recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles