Who Does Dot Respond to the Agricultural Resource Management Survey and Does It Matter?

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Abstract

The Agricultural Resource Management Survey is the primary annual source of information on U.S. farms, but in a typical year one-third of sampled farms do not respond. We use Census of Agriculture data to study nonresponse to the survey and how it affects estimates in two econometric models. Despite larger farms responding less, the coefficients estimated from the respondent subsample always fall inside confidence intervals based on draws from the full sample of respondents and nonrespondents. Although nonresponse bias can vary by application, the findings suggest that bias is unlikely to undermine conclusions based on econometrics using respondent data.

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