Central aortic blood pressure (CBP) and CBP-derived parameters are independent predictors of cardiovascular risk. Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors plus calcium channel blockers are the recommended first-line treatments in hypertensive diabetic patients; however, the effect in reducing CBP when a dose is skipped has not been established yet. The aim was to determine whether the fixed-dose combination of olmesartan/amlodipine (OLM/AML) provides equal efficacy and safety as the perindopril/AML (PER/AML) combination in reducing CBP, augmentation index (AIx), and pulse wave velocity (PWV) when a drug dose is missed.METHODS
In this noninferiority, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy parallel group, controlled design trial, 88 patients received either OLM 20–40mg/AML 5–10mg (41 patients) or PER 4–8mg/AML 5–10mg (47 patients) for 24 weeks. The main endpoint was the aortic systolic BP (SBP) after 24 weeks of treatment at 48 hours from the last administration.RESULTS
The OLM/AML combination reached the noninferiority criteria in reducing central systolic BP after 24 weeks of treatment and after the missed dose, compared to the PER/AML combination (−17 and −8mm Hg, respectively). Peripheral BP, AIx, and PWV were significantly lower in both groups after 24 weeks of treatment and 48 hours after the missed dose, observing a trend to a greater reduction in CBP-derived parameters in the OLM/AML group.CONCLUSIONS
The OLM/AML combination is safe, well tolerated, and not inferior to the combination of PER/AML in lowering CBP and CBP-derived parameters in diabetic patients. OLM/AML provides longer-lasting efficacy in terms of CBP reduction compared to PER/AML.