Citizen participation according to causal perceptions of third-world poverty, belief in a just world and gender system justification

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Abstract

Objective:

The purpose of this study is to examine citizen participation in relation to causal perceptions of third-world poverty, belief in a just world, and gender system justification.

Method:

A total of 760 participants took part in this study, allowing the authors to analyse the differences found on these measures according to gender, social class, and household income. Participants were from the city of Málaga in Spain; 58.5% were women and their average age was 38.78. Distinguished groups of people with common results obtained in citizen participation, causal perceptions of third-world poverty, belief in a just world, and gender system justification.

Results:

Three profiles have been identified: Indifferent (they have mean scores for the majority of the variables), Conservatives, and Pro-development. We find that those persons classified as indifferent group participate to a lesser degree than those who belong to the Pro-development group; we find no difference between the other profiles. These are specifically the issues that imply a certain stance and a determinate vision of social justice and the causes of poverty.

Conclusion:

In light of the left–right dimension that tends to dominate political psychological analyses, the added value of a third cluster strikes us as being of interest in deepening the study of poverty. These profiles reveal three ways of seeing the world in relation to belief in a just world, gender system justification, and causal perceptions of third-world poverty.

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