An optometer (infrared recording retinoscope) that provides high resolution measurements of accommodative changes of the eye has been developed. The instrument employs the principle of retinoscopy to monitor changes in the refractive state of the eye. Infrared radiation is scanned across the eye to provide a moving retinal source as in retinoscopy. An electro-optical system replaces the observer in determining the direction and amount of apparent motion in the pupil of the patient. The optometer is sensitive to accommodative changes of 0.12 D over a range of 12 D. The response of the instrument is faster than the most rapid changes of accommodation, and measurements are unaffected by pupil changes or by small eye movements.