No Association of C677T Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase and an Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase Polymorphism with Recurrent Pregnancy Loss

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Abstract

PROBLEM

It is controversial whether polymorphisms of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) and the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) are associated with recurrent pregnancy loss.

METHOD OF STUDY

We studied the frequency of the C677T polymorphism of MTHFR and a eNOS gene polymorphism, as well as the plasma levels of homocysteine and NO, in 85 cases with a history of two or more unexplained embryonal losses, 40 patients suffering fetal loss and 76 controls.

RESULTS

The frequency of the MTHFR gene T allele, which has been reported to be associated with miscarriages, in patients suffering fetal loss was rather significantly lower than in controls whereas there was no difference in the frequency of the eNOS gene A allele. There were no differences in the plasma homocysteine levels among the three groups. However, the NO concentrations in the embryonal loss and fetal loss groups were significantly higher than that in controls.

CONCLUSION

We conclude that the NO concentration but not the polymorphism of MTHFR and eNOS gene and hyperhomocysteinemia are associated with recurrent pregnancy loss in Japanese.

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