Supporting Caregivers of Frail Older Adults in an HMO Setting

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The long-term effectiveness of a structured health education program (HEP) for spouses and frail older adults was evaluated in a staff model health maintenance organization (HMO). HEP is a multicomponent group program that includes emotion-focused and problem-focused coping strategies, education, and support. For caregivers, HEP was more effective than usual care (UC) in reducing depression, increasing knowledge of community services and how to access them, and changing caregivers' feelings of competence and the way they respond to the caregiving situation. For care recipients, HEP was more effective than UC in preventing increases in somatic symptoms and symptoms of anxiety/insomnia.

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