Endoscopic instruments have revolutionized surgical diagnosis and treatment. Recently, a high resolution microfiberoptic endoscope has been developed that has vast potential for otologic use. This microfiberoptic endoscope was used in cadaver and human studies to visualize the middle ear cavity. The technique used involved placing a 1.0-mm or smaller microfiberoptic scope into the middle ear via a tympanic membrane perforation, through a myringotomy tube or up the eustachian tube. Using the scope, the mesotympanum and hypotympanum can be well visualized. Similarly, the round window, oval window, ossicular chain, and related structures can be clearly demonstrated and recorded photographically. This technique has great potential to enhance diagnosis without open surgery.