Portal Vein Thrombosis in a Preterm Newborn with Mutation of theMTHFRandPAI-1Genes and Sepsis byCandida parapsilosis

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Abstract

Objective

This report discusses the role of both congenital and acquired risk factors in the pathogenesis of portal vein thrombosis (PVT).

Study Design

We describe the clinical management and treatment of PVT in a preterm newborn with a homozygous mutation of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) genes and sepsis by Candida parapsilosis.

Results

Although literature data suggest a minor role of genetic factors in thrombophilia in the case of only one mutation, we hypothesize that combined thrombophilic genetic defects may have a cumulative effect and significantly increase the thrombotic risk.

Conclusion

It could be appropriate to include more detailed analyses of procoagulant and fibrinolytic factors in the diagnostic workup of neonatal thrombosis, also through the investigation of genetic polymorphisms. The anticoagulant therapy and the removal of concurrent risk factors remain basic steps for the adequate management and prevention of complications.

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