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We compared the accuracy of serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and phosphate (phos) levels for diagnosing severe metabolic bone disease (MBD) in very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).Retrospective analysis of VLBW infants with severe BPD admitted between 2010 and 2012 and with ≥ 1 iPTH, ALP, and phos level collected within a similar 72-hour period. MBD severity was classified by serial radiography.Laboratory values were available for 65 infants, of whom 24 (36.9%) developed severe MBD. A maximum ALP > 660 IU/L was the most accurate for diagnosing severe MBD (area under the curve: 88.4%; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 77.2-94.5%). Maximum iPTH was the least accurate (optimal cut point > 130 pg/mL; area under the curve: 70.5%; 95% CI: 58.2-81.4).Maximum ALP was more accurate than iPTH or phos for diagnosing severe MBD among preterm infants with severe BPD.