Insights Into Nephrolithiasis From the Nurses' Health Studies

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Objectives

To review the contributions of the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) I and NHS II to understanding the role of dietary factors, beverages, body size, and urinary factors in the development of kidney stones.

Methods

We conducted a review of kidney stone-related publications of NHS I and NHS II between 1976 and 2016.

Results

Studies using NHS I and NHS II data have demonstrated the importance of many factors in kidney stone formation and were the first to report that higher dietary calcium was associated with a lower risk of incident kidney stones in women. Data from these cohorts were instrumental in emphasizing that nephrolithiasis is a systemic disease and suggesting that a kidney stone or shared risk factors may lead to hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.

Conclusions

Findings from the NHSs have changed the scientific understanding and the clinical practice of stone prevention and have been incorporated into widely consulted textbooks and the American Urological Association Medical Management of Kidney Stones guidelines.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles