Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Knowledge and Intention Among Adult Inmates in Kansas, 2016-2017

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Abstract

Objectives

To assess human papillomavirus (HPV) knowledge and vaccine awareness, intention, and uptake among adult inmates in Kansas jails.

Methods

We administered a survey with questions adapted from the US National Cancer Institute’s Health Information National Trends Survey to 571 adult inmates in 3 Kansas jails from October 10 to 12, 2016, and January 25 to 27, 2017, to assess HPV knowledge and vaccine awareness, intention, and uptake.

Results

Although most adults across demographic groups recognized HPV as causing cervical cancer, knowledge was lower about other HPV-related cancers. Vaccine awareness was higher for women (70%) than men (41%). Only 8% of age-eligible men reported ever receiving the vaccine. Most adults across demographic groups reported “definitely” wanting to get the vaccine if offered in jail at no cost.

Conclusions

Low uptake of HPV vaccine and high interest in receiving the vaccine in jails may indicate that vaccination availability for jail populations needs to be reexamined.

Public Health Implications

Expanding HPV vaccine programs or partnerships to facilitate vaccine provision in jails could increase inmates’ knowledge of and intention to receive vital health services.

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